There are a few known stories about Jews from the Podhale region who survived the Holocaust and could speak the local dialect and even knew songs of the mountaineers. As it turns out, Jews in Czarny Dunajec also wore the traditional clothes of the mountaineers. This special picture was sent to us by Ms. Kristina Horowitz Krakus. It shows her father Chaim and his five siblings. Chaim is the first one on the left, next to him are Adela, Reśka, Mania and the youngest Szlomuś and Leon Horowitz. The other four siblings are missing in the photograph: Elias, Jakub, Moniek and Fela. This picture was probably taken at the beginning of the twenties of the last century. According to the testimony of Kristina, her father Chaim was born on 31st December 1913 and Szlomuś was born a year or two later. In the local civil registry records of the Jewish community two dates of birth of the aunt and uncle of Kristina were found: Feigel (Fela) was born on the 5th January 1907 in Miętustwo, and Bernard Leib (Leon) on the 1st April 1912 already in Czarny Dunajec.
The parents of the ten children were Józef i Karolina (Kreisel) Horowitz. The Grandfather of Kristina worked as a shoemaker in Czarny Dunajec and the grandmother was from the Kraus family of Kobierzyn.
Chaim’s first wife (probably Sabina) and the little daughter perished in the Holocaust. During the war the grandparents Józef and Karolina as well as Fela, Mania and Jakub died. The other extraordinary photo sent to us by Kristina shows her youngest uncle Szlomo Horowitz wearing a uniform of the Polish Army (the story will be developed in a separate post).
He died in the first days of the September campaign in 1939 defending Poland.
It was Moniek who emigrated to Argentina already before the II World War. Chaim, Elias, Reśka, Adel and Leon managed to escape to the east during the war. All of them survived except for the child of Adela and her husband Henryk Goldman.
A big thank you to Ms. Kristina Horowitz Krakus for the information and the pictures.
Written by Michał Szaflarski
Translated by Magdalena Macińska
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